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Friday, August 7, 2020 | History

1 edition of Review of literature on climate change and forest diseases of western North America found in the catalog.

Review of literature on climate change and forest diseases of western North America

John T. Kliejunas

Review of literature on climate change and forest diseases of western North America

by John T. Kliejunas

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Published by United States Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station in Albany, CA .
Written in English


Edition Notes

StatementJohn T. Kliejunas ... [et al.].
SeriesGeneral technical report PSW -- GTR-224, General technical report PSW -- 224.
ContributionsPacific Southwest Research Station
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQC903.2.N665 R48 2009
The Physical Object
Pagination54 p. :
Number of Pages54
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL24522650M
LC Control Number2009526406
OCLC/WorldCa515427072

The Canadian Forest Service (CFS) is involved in two major areas of research on this front: (1) understanding the impacts of climate change on forests and the forest sector; and (2) preparing for suitable responses to these impacts.   Forests are a great bulwark against climate change, so programs to reduce deforestation are important. Those efforts usually focus on stopping the destruction in .

The document summarizes knowledge and experiences in forest management as a response to climate change, based on a literature review and a survey of forest managers. This is part of the publications series produced by the Forest and Climate Change Programme of FAO. Here we review current understanding of climatic effects on the abundance of forest insects and diseases in North America, and of the ecological and socioeconomic impacts of biotic disturbances. We identified 27 insects (6 nonindigenous) and 22 diseases (9 nonindigenous) that are notable agents of disturbance in North American forests.

Research on Forest Climate Change: Potential Effects of Global Warming on Forests and Plant Climate Relationships in Western North America and Mexico. Home > Climate; Introduction. Climate surfaces that can provide point estimates of climate measures are needed for studying forest plant-climate relationships (e.g. Rehfeldt et al. ) and for.   Climate change affects forests across North America -- in some cases permitting insect outbreaks, plant diseases, wildfires and other problems -- .


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Subcommittee hearing on H.R. 1216, to authorize the president to convey and assign all equipment contained in or appertaining to the United States Army Provisional Philippine Scout Hospital at Fort McKinley, Philippines, to the Republic of the Philippines and to assist by grants-in-aid the Republic of the Philippines in providing medical care and treatment for certain Philippine scouts hospitalized therein

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Review of literature on climate change and forest diseases of western North America by John T. Kliejunas Download PDF EPUB FB2

Review of Literature on Climate Change and Forest Diseases of Western North America Third, abiotic factors also function as predisposing, inciting, or contributing agents in tree declines (Manion ). Stress depletes a tree’s carbohydrate reserves, increasing its vulnerability to insects and pathogens (Wargo and Haack ).Cited by: A summary of the literature on the relationships between climate and various types of tree diseases, and the potential effects of climate change on pathogens in western North America is provided.

Climate change generally will lead to reduction in tree health and will improve conditions for some highly damaging pathogens. Review of Literature on ClimateChange and Forest Diseases of Western North Americaoffers a detailed summary of the relationships between climate and various types of tree diseases and the potential effects of climate change on pathogens in western North American forests.

This literature review is the result of a “Climate Change and Western Forest Diseases” project sponsored by the United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service (USDA FS), Western Wildland Environmental Threat Assessment Center (WWETAC) and the Pacific Southwest.

Review of Literature on Climate Change and Forest Diseases of Western North America. Influence of forest canopy and snow on microclimate in a declining yellow-cedar forest of southeast Alaska; Survival and growth of planted yellow-cedar seedlings and rooted cuttings (stecklings) near Ketchikan, Alaska; Review of literature on climate change and forest diseases of western North America.

Description: A summary of the literature on relationships between climate and various types of tree diseases, and the potential effects of climate change on pathogens in western North American forests is provided. Climate change generally will lead to reductions in tree health and will improve conditions for some highly damaging pathogens.

Introduction. Forests provide critical refuges for terrestrial biodiversity, are a central component of the earth’s biogeochemical systems, and are a source of ecosystem services essential for human wellbeing (Shvidenko et al., ).Forests also have the potential to mitigate global climate change by serving as net carbon sinks (IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), ).

This document summarizes knowledge and experiences in forest management as a response to climate change, based on a literature review and a survey of forest managers. This is part of an FAO-led process to prepare climate change guidelines for forest managers.

It examines climate change impacts on forests and forest managers throughout the world. Here we review current understanding of climatic effects on the abundance of forest insects and diseases in North America, and of the ecological and socioeconomic impacts of biotic disturbances.

We identified 27 insects (6 nonindigenous) and 22 diseases (9 nonindigenous) that are notable agents of disturbance in North American forests.

A summary of the literature on relationships between climate and various types of tree diseases, and the potential effects of climate change on pathogens in western North American forests is provided.

Climate change generally will lead to reductions in tree health and will improve conditions for some highly damaging pathogens. Sections on abiotic diseases, declines, canker. Review of literature on climate change and forest diseases of western North America 54 p.

(OCoLC) Material Type: Document, Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource: Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File: All Authors / Contributors: John T Kliejunas; Pacific Southwest Research Station.

Changes in forest disturbance are likely to be greatest in coniferous forests and the boreal biome, according to a review of global climate change effects on biotic and abiotic forest.

Latin America 54 North America 55 Polar regions 56 Small Island States 56 Post-TAR assessments 56 Climate change and infectious diseases Introduction National assessments of health impacts of climate change: a review Introduction Health impact assessments: key concepts and methods   The study is based on a review of literature on climate change impacts on forests and adaptation options for forest management identified in the Web of Science database, focusing on papers and reports published between and Pacific Southwest Research Station Buchanan Street Albany, CA ()   Latin America 22 Small island developing States 24 This book outlines the impact of climate change in four developing country regions: Africa, Asia, Latin America and small spread of climate sensitive diseases such as malaria, and.

Literature review and analy sis. Climate change and forest diseases. Plant Pathol. especially in central Europe and eastern North America, showed signs of N saturation with increased.

There has been a remarkable scientific output on the topic of how climate change is likely to affect plant diseases. This overview addresses the need for review of this burgeoning literature by summarizing opinions of previous reviews and trends in recent studies on the impacts of climate change on plant health.

Sudden Oak Death is used as an introductory case study: Californian forests could. Zoonotic and vector-borne diseases. Climate change may affect zoonoses (infectious diseases of animal origin that may be transmitted to humans) in 3 ways: it may increase the range or abundance of animal reservoirs or insect vectors, prolong transmission cycles, or increase the importation of vectors or animal reservoirs (e.g., by boat or air) to new regions, which may cause the.

The available literature is highly skewed toward shorter timescales (25 years after treatment), small spatial scales, and is geographically concentrated: 41% of estimated effect sizes came from studies in the Sierra Nevada. Thinning had similar effects on forest carbon in dry forests and moist forests.2.

Climate change: expected and experimented effects on temperate forests 3. Influence of forests on climate 4. Resilience, stressors, and growth in temperate forests 5. Forest planning and management: an overview of traditional concepts and criteria 6.

Variability in climate and forest growth at the regional and local scale 7. Dendroclimatology.Climate change can therefore be expected to impact on agriculture, potentially threatening established aspects of farming systems but also providing opportunities for improvements.

This paper reviews recent literature relevant to the impacts of climate change on global agricultural productivity through a wide range of processes.